SKATING RINK AROUND THE CASTLE
Skating Association announced to respected citizens that the skating rink was opened on 10th January 1904. The skating rink was arranged in the northern and western part of the moat around the Castle. If the flag was displayed at the skating entrance, it meant that the skating rink is opened for citizens. Few photos of skaters are saved on glass plate negatives of doctor Hugo Schubert from the year 1904.
Charity Hospital Association has been providing healthcare for sick, abandoned and frail people at their own house since 1841. General, public hospital was opened in 1902. There were 57 beds and there worked one doctor, five nuns, an institute servant and a journeyman. The second wing was built in 1903; a special building of an infectious department, a morgue and a mortuary cold room. On the ground floor of the hospital was an office for the receipt of patients, department of surgery, an operating theater with sinks, a room for monitoring mental patients and on the first floor were internal, trachoma, tuberculosis and venereal department.
OLD STREET NAMES
PRERADOVIĆEVA ULICA – Marinova
ULICA PAVLA RADIĆA – Ljubljana
GAJEVA ULICA – Removac, Germanika
ULICA STJEPANA RADIĆA – Suvara, od kolodvora dalje Nemanovac
GUNDULIĆEVA ULICA – Velika (u)lička
ULICA PETRA BERISLAVIĆA – Mala (u)lička
ULICA ĐURE BASARIČEKA – Dalj
RUSANOVA ULICA – Čoljuk
ULICA MATIJE GUPCA – Kasarska, Turanovačka, Zrinjskog, od vojarne dalje Petrovac
STROSSMAYEROVA ULICA – Čimen
BEČKA ULICA – Bech
CROATIAN CHORAL ASSOCIATION RODOLJUB
The Association was established on 5th October 1880. The person who was the most meritorious for the establishment of the Association was Đuro Žakić, a teacher from Virovitica, a longtime choirmaster and the first president, doctor Josip Matić. The most famous choirmaster, from 1890 to 1919 was Jan Vlašimsky. Famous Croatian composer, Jakov Gotovac, two times composed commemorative songs on the occasion of Rodoljub´s anniversary: in 1955 “The Eagle´s flight” and in 1980 “My chirping song”. Rodoljub is not only the symbol of Virovitica´s past but it represents the present, the guardian of tradition.
THE TOWN OF THE WOOD
From the sawmill Drach Jsc., founded in 1913, and after 1945, gradually developed TVIN. At the beginning of the 1960s of the 20th century, DIP Virovitica produced functional, decorative and quality office furniture for the domestic and foreign market. In 1966 Bernardo Bernardi initiated the cooperation with a Wooden-industrial company TVIN and at the end of 1970s of the 20th century started the cooperation with IKEA. Even today, the main activity of the factory TVIN Ltd. is the production of furniture.
THE TOWN OF SUGAR
Since 1836, in Croatia and Slavonia, sugar has been produced from the sugar beet in an industrial way. Sugar factory from Virovitica has been operating from 1846. Prince Adolf of Schaumburg-Lippe, the owner of Virovitica manorial estate, built a sugar factory at the wilderness Antunovac. It was equipped with a steam engine of 16 HP and in 1852, 25 000 cents of sugar beet was processed in it. Construction of the factory started in 1976 and it was put into trial production in 1980 with a daily processing capacity of 4. 000 tones of sugar beet. Viro started operations on September 5th, 2002 under the name VIRO sugar factory.
“I am a Slavonian man, called Mikeš, a native resident of Virov’tica. I am Mikeš from the region where Podravina and Slavonia kiss each other. I am that Mikeš who gained a charter in 1234 from the Duke Koloman and magna villa Wereucha, in other words, my Virov’tica became a liberated town. I am that Mikeš who watered Bela IV in 1242 with mead, wrote the Golden Bull, sharpened geese feather, prepared gold and ink so that the king could have signed it by the mercy of God and in that way Zagreb became a future capital city of all Croats…” – Tomislav Terzić
A CORNER HOUSE OF THE FIRST CROATIAN SAVINGS BANK
The monument was built in 1892 and it shows that Virovitica was a commercial centre at that time. In the past, Virovitica was a famous commercial centre due to trade fairs. That is affirmed by the statue of a Roman god of commerce, Mercury, at the facade of the building. The first monetary fund in the city, Virovitica Savings Bank j. s. c was established in 1872 as the help for victims from Virovitica that were hurt in the great fire in 1871. Nowdays, Financial Agency is situated in that building.
THE INN “AT LIPPE´S ROSE”
The groundlevel corner house that closes up the eastern side of King Tomislav Square was built in 1960s of the 19th century for the purpose of the manorial inn “Zur Lipppische Rose” (“At Lippe´s Rose”). It was used as the venue for meetings and manifestations of different associations from Virovitica. There used to be Čeled´s Bar, Lazić Hotel and in the mid 1948 hotel “Slavonia” and that is why many citizens of Virovitica call that building “the old hotel”.
DANICA & ZVIJEZDA MOVIE THEATER
The first cinema shows that were presented by the operators of travelling cinemas, citizens of Virovitica watched at the beginning of the 20th century. The permanent cinematograph in the city was opened by Josip Zimmermann in 1915 under the name “Danica”. Zimmermann was the illustrator of the magazine “Cinema Review” with titles from all around the world. In second half of the 20th century, movie theater “Zvijezda” opened on location where Caffe Bar Melon is today.
The first theatrical performance in Virovitica was played on 3rd February 1900 when actors from Virovitica played a comedy called “Servants musicians” at the Inn Grčić, along with the tamburitza band “Sloga”. The theatre has been operating since 1945 when the theatrical company of that time played “Kijavica” written by Nušić, directed by Aleksandar Bjelousov. During more than 70 years of work, theatrical companies have played more than 400 premieres and presented more than 10 000 plays. Every year, Virovitica Theatre organizes traditional Virovitica Theatrical Meetings called “VIRKAS”.
VIROVITICA CITY MUSEUM
Founded in 1953 as the native museum of a complex type for the city and the county of Virovitica. The material is collected by purchase, donations, collecting and research so the expert work resulted in a new, permanent exhibition of the Museum called “The Wooden Age”. The permanent exhibition is arranged in the loft of a central dome, in four rooms and it was opened in 1976. In 1984 the eastern wing of the first floor of the Castle was decorated and the second part of the permanent exhibition was opened owing to the selected archeological material, cultural-historical exhibition and the donation of Branislav Glumac. The Ethnographic Collection was set in 1942 and the permanent exhibition of the Homeland War was set in 2013. Today, the museum collections consist of 5000 objects which are assembled in the Archeological, Ethnological, Art and Cultural-historical Department of the Museum.
SOCIETY OF FOLK DANCE VIROVITICA
The Society has preserved and propagated the tradition of the folk dance and songs since 1988 when the initiative for the establishment of a Society of folk dance called “PIK Virovitica” was launched. Since then, the Society primarily cherishes the heritage of Virovitica region but it also includes other Croatian regions. There are around 40 active members who represent traditional dances, customs and national costumes in different choreographies. They are proud to have been organizers of a Christmas concert called “The Evening of folk dance, songs and customs” for 25 years when they host other amicable societies.
Once a year, Volunteer Fire Department Virovitica used to organise a Firemen´s Ball for their members and other citizens. They were well prepared, with a various entertainment programme (different social games, raffle, wide selection of food and drinks) along with an obligatory music and dance, Firemen´s Ball were long-remembered. They were the place where first loves were born, business cooperations were concluded, housewives exchanged recipes. Craftsmen from Virovitica prepared parties along with obligatory food and drink that was brought in baskets or a bundle. Thus, that kind of a party is called a “pinkl bal”.